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ABOUT TANZANIA

Tanzania Over View

Tanzania is a country with many tourist attractions more than 44% of Tanzania is covered with game reserves and National parks. There are 16 National Parks, 29 Game reserves, 40 controlled areas and marine parks. Tanzania is also home to the famous Roof of Africa, Mt Kilimanjaro. On 6 January 2012, the New York time awarded Tanzania the 7th position among 45 top destinations to visit in the year 2012.

Tanzania’s most known tourist attractions are located in the northern part of the country. They include Kilimanjaro African’s highest mountain and the Serengeti National Park renowned for its spectacular seasonal migrations. The Ngorongoro conservation area that is an extinct volcanic caldera with excellent game viewing from the crater rim. The area has large herds of wildebeest, Zebra, and lions and the black rhinoceros.

Tourism is also focused on the west, especially the island of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia, Game fishing
and diving is the main attractions in these islands.

Northern circuit Game parks of Tanzania

Tanzania Game Parks Northern

Serengeti National Park

The Serengeti is one of the largest wildlife sanctuaries in the world covering an area of 14,763 square kilometers. The spectacular concentration of plain animals found nowhere in the worlds and the annual wildebeest migration. Apart from the wildebeests and zebras, you can expect to see a large variety of animals, Gazelles, Hippos will be found there at any time of the year. Elephants will be frequently be seen but the population is migratory.

The Serengeti predators made famous by many films and documentaries include lion, leopard, cheetah, and hyena.

The birds of the Serengeti are just as spectacular and varied as the animals; there are several types of Eagles and vultures, Ostrich, Secretary birds, Kori Bustards, Hornbills as well as a host of small birds. There are almost 500 species of birds recorded in the parks.

Serengeti National Park

Ngorongoro Crater

Ngorongoro Conservation Area (crater) is a world-famous geographic feature; it is technically called a “caldera”, which is a collapsed volcano. The floor covers an area of over 102 square miles which includes a soda lake and forms a perfectly preserved and self-contained habitat for a large number and variety of animals species, Elephant, Buffalo, Hippo and many other species can generally be seen here at any time of year.

Maasai tribesmen traditionally graze night, and they may be seen in their distinctive dress, tending to their herds of cattle. The animals are not trapped in the crater, and there is some migratory movement, but because of the protected nature of the habitat and the availability of grazing and water, many of the animal population remains resident year around. This makes Ngorongoro ideal for game viewing. There are several feelings of pride of lions and some of the last surviving to be found in Tanzania.

The lodges and campsites are situated around the rim of the crater, so it marks the clients to view the crater all the time while in a lodge or campsite.

Lake Manyara national park

This is one of the most popular and attractive wildlife sanctuaries in East Africa beneath of the Great Rift Valley. It is home to baboons, blue monkeys, buffalo, giraffe, elephant, hippos and so many more. Over 300 species of birds are found here.

The park consists of 350km2, 120 square mile of land during the wet season but is nearly non-existent during the dry seasons. The park also famous for the flamingos that habit the lake.

Arusha national park

This comparatively small park covering only 137 square kilometers. Often bypassed, since visitors on a limited itinerary understandably want to see the more famous attraction. It is situated a short distance from Arusha itself, making it easy to visit on a day or a half day trip.

The park has several completely different habitats within its confines, from a flamingo fringed soda lake to dense forest, a crater floor like a miniature Ngorongoro and Mount Meru itself.

You will not see the enormous herds or predator of the plains here, but there are numerous monkeys, birds, giraffe, buffalo, hippo, warthog, gazelle and zebra, and even elephant may be spotted here.

Tarangire national park

One of the outstanding features of Tarangire is the huge number of enormous baobab trees. These giants also known as the upside-down tree are a strange and wonderful sight in themselves. Tarangire is located in Manyara Region, the name of the park originated from the Tarangire river that crosses through the park, being the only source of water for the wild animal during the dry season. During dry season thousands of animals migrate to the Tarangire National Park from Manyara.

The park is very famous for its huge number of Elephant, baobab trees and lions climbing trees.

Mkomozi national park

Together with a sister park in Kenya, Mkomozi National Park forms one of the largest and most significant wilderness conservation areas in Africa. A haven for elephant and the dwindling black rhino.

Previously decimated by overgrazing and poaching the area was rehabilitated by the George Adamson (of born free same) wildlife preservation trust and now offers visitors a glimpse into African’s past glory.

Mount Kilimanjaro national park

Undisputed on its majesty, this freestanding mountain is the highest peak in Africa. Mount Kilimanjaro lives forever in the hearts of those who have climbed it.

An amazing variety of vegetation belts contribute to its splendour, with cultivated land at the base moving on to the dense rainforest. As the ascent continues the forest gives way to an open health and near land which in turn, dwindles into the alpine desert, culminating in glacier-capped peaks.

Mount Meru

Home to the Black and White Colobus Monkey, Arusha is a breathtaking park that includes the alkaline mommela lakes the Ngurduto crater and spectacular. It has as its dramatic backdrop the 4566 meters high Mt. Meru. Hike the foothills of Mt. Meru, climb the Mountain View of the Ngurdoto crater.

Lake Natron

Lake Natron is located in northern Tanzania close to the Kenyan border in the eastern branch of African’s Great Rift Valley.

This lake supports an expected 2.5 million birds as their only breeding ground. This spectacle is a sight to behold hundreds of thousands of fabulously pink head flamingos come to feed blue-green algae on the lake.

The size of the lake is about 260 square. The major attraction here is a salt lake, large Flamingo populations, Oldoinyo Lengai, Engaruka rains, Engare sero waterfalls.

Oldoinyo Lengai

Is an active volcano located in the north of Tanzania and is part of the volcano system of the great valley in Eastern Africa. It is located in the Eastern Rift Valley south of both Lake Natron and Kenya. The Oldoinyo Lengai size is about 2960 meters (9711ft).

The name Oldoinyo Lengai means “the mountain of God” in the Maasai Language of the native people. The volcano is the only active volcano in the part of the Rift Valley and is often referred to as the strangest volcano on Earth. The major activity is only trekking.

Lake Eyasi

Lake Eyasi is a seasonal shallow endothermic salt lake on the floor of the great Rift valley at the base of the Serengeti Plateau. Just south of the Serengeti Plateau and immediately southwest of the Ngorongoro crater in the crater highlands of Tanzania, The lake is elongated, orientated southwest to northeast, and lies in the Eyasi-Wembere branch of the Great Rift valley.

The major attractions in Lake Eyasi, the Hardzabe bushman live in the Lake Eyasi region as the Datoga and Mbulu tribes. The alkaline water of Lake Eyasi are also famous for its large flocks of pink head flamingo, also you will have a walking safari around the villages.

Southern Game Parks of Tanzania

Tanzania Game Parks Southern

Ruaha National Park

The second biggest Tanzanian National Park located in the heart of the country. Ruaha is another park on the southern circuit. Ruaha’s relative inaccessibility has resulted in a park that takes far fewer tourists than the Selous and the fewer than any park in the Northern circuit. The rewards of traveling this far is a wild landscape with baobab studded hills and rocky escapements, playing host to an excellent level of game including superb predator concentration huge elephant and buffalo herds and a crossover of game from southern and eastern Africa.

Mikumi National Park

Mikumi National Park is located in the north of the Selous Game Reserve in Morogoro. It is bordered by Ulugulu Mountains in the North and Rubeho Mountains to the South- East. The main feature in the park is Mkata river floodplain. The park was extended to the border of Selous in 1975. It was gazette in 1964 during the construction of Morogoro- Iringa highway. The park shares the eco-system with the Selous Game Reserve and Kilombero Game Controlled Area.

With 3,230 square kilometers coverage, Mikumi National Park is well –known Park in Tanzania. The park is very famous for its population of elephants, giraffes, buffalo, zebra and sable antelope. Predators include lions, leopards, wild hunting dogs and black-backed jackals and more than 400 species of birds have been recorded here.

Udzungwa Mountains National Park

Udzungwa Mountains is one of the southern circuit National Park and its 45 kilometers south of Mikumi. A rainforest area covering 1,000sqkm has been declared as a conservation area. The area has spectacular mountain scenery, waterfalls and rare vegetation not found anywhere in the world. The ancient rainfall will shoe you several species which are unique to the area, such as Iringa red colobus and the Sanje Crested Mangabey monkeys.

You’re like here also with a magnitude of nature, primates, birds, butterflies and you get an impression about what these forests mean to research and to traditional medicine.

Selous Game Reserve

Located in southern Tanzania and far from the madding crowds, the Selous game reserve is African’s largest Game Reserve and one of our favorite’s wildlife viewing areas. It really is a hidden gem!

The rivers and lakes of the Selous are the lifeblood of a park that hosts some fabulous game, including elephant, wild dog, buffalo, hippo, crocodiles and fantastic prides of lion.

Not only that selous offers an amazing introduction to unspool Africa. The game viewing is superb, especially in the peak season month. The wildness on display is some of the most untouched in Africa, and the sheer variety of activities available makes for an excellent safari experience.

Western Game Parks of Tanzania

Tanzania Game Parks Western

Mahale Mountain National Park

The Mahale national park is one of the western Tanzania National Park located to the south at Kigoma town. It is bordering Lake Tanganyika. The world largest second deepest Lake and least polluted in 1980 covering an area of 1.613 km. Mahale National Park is very famous in western circuit with various attractions. Which includes chimp trekking, hiking, camping safaris, snorkelling and sports fishing in Lake Tanganyika.

Rubondo Island National Park

Rubondo Island is the one of the game Park on the Lake Victoria. The park is located on the Southwest of Lake Victoria, the park has 456 bi species. Rubondo Island also protects another 11 islets, none much large breeding ground for both migratory and fish species, Tilapia and Nile perch.

The animal found in Rubondo Island including sitatunga, elephant, Giraffe, Hippos, Crocodiles, and colobus.

Saanane Island National Park

It’s the second smallest Island which is a National park in Lake Victoria and its covers an area of 0.5 square Kilometers. This park is a nice place where you can get the view of Mwanza city.

The most animals can be seen in Saanane Island while walking with an armed guide are Impala lizards, Hyrax, crocodiles and migrant species of birds more than 200 species have been recorded here.

Zanzibar & islands

Zanzibar from part of the East Africa Nation of Tanzania. It is archipelago in the Indian Ocean that is 25- 50 km off the coast of Tanzania. The archipelago consists of 2 large islands and many smaller islands. The 2 large islands are Unguja (Zanzibar Island) and Pemba.

The capital of Zanzibar, located on the island of Unguja is Zanzibar city and its old quarter known as Stone Town is a world heritage site. Zanzibar’s rich history has been influenced by the Arabs, Persians, Indians, Portuguese, British and local tribes from Africa mainland and this shows in the architecture.

Zanzibar is characterized by beautiful sandy beaches with fringing coral roofs and the historically significant stone town, its brilliant white beaches are lapped by the warm waters of the Indian ocean and provide the perfect place to relax, soak up the sun and take a break from some busy sightseeing

Zanzibar main industries are species and tourism. It is still sometimes referred to as the Spice Island because of the significance of its production of cloves of which it’s a world leader and also nutmeg, cardamon, and pepper. The ecology is of note for being the home of the endemic Zanzibar Red colobus monkey, not to maintain the diverse marine life found on the islands surrounding coral reefs.

TOP CITIES TO START YOUR SAFARIS

Mwanza city (Rock city)

Mwanza is a part of the city on the shore of Lake Victoria in Northern Tanzania. Its ringed by green hills, They city is known for unusual rock formations like Bismarck Rock near the Kamanga ferry Terminal. In the center of town is hilltop Dr. Robert Koch’s House. The 1935 Indian Public library, mosques, and it Hindu temples reflect Indian influence. The Makoroboi area is fall of shops The population of Mwanza Region according to 2012 records is about 2.775 million and the big tribe of Mwanza is Sukuma tribe.

Mwanza city is the best town to start your safari adventure from here you will have a chance to visit Serengeti and other National parks like Rubondo Island in Lake Victoria and Saanane Island National Park near with Mwanza town and the best site for the view of Mwanza city.

It is just two hours drive to Serengeti National Park through the Ndabaka gate in western Corridor of the Serengeti where you can make a day trip safari then back to Mwanza in the evening. This is why Mwanza city is a good base to start a safari with your best active safari company.  Africa Diurnal safaris and tours.

Arusha city (“A” TOWN)

Arusha is a city in East African’s Tanzania located off the base of volcanic Mt. Meru. It is a gateway to safari destinations to African highest Park, 5895m Mt. Kilimanjaro lying some 100-kilometers northeast.

To the west lies Serengeti National Park home to wildlife including lions, Rhinoceros, Giraffes, and Leopards. Annual migration features a huge herd of wildebeest cross plains. Arusha is served by two airports Kilimanjaro International Airport has regular flights to Amsterdam with KLM, and to Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar and Nairobi, Kilimanjaro Airport is approximately 60 km(45min) from the city center.

Arusha Municipal Airport (ARK, is on the outskirts of the city but only runs domestic flights, mostly to Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam and charters, offers regular flights between Arusha and Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar, and Kilimanjaro.

Dar es Salaam city

Dar es Salaam city (House of peace in Arabic) proton Tanzania’s a major city and commercial Indian Ocean Coast grew from a fishing village. The open-air village grew Museum has recreated the traditional homes of local and other Tanzania tribes and hosts tribal dancing. It’s part of the National Museum which offers Tanzania history exhibits including the fossils of human ancestors found by anthropologist Luis Leakey.

Most of the visitors to Dar arrive via airport Julius K. Nyerere International Airport (IATA: DAR) about 10km west of the city center. Dar is flat and is bordered on the East by the Indian Ocean. Dar es Salaam is certainly not at the top of the list of places to see for most visitors to Tanzania. It is often a necessary stop on their way to Zanzibar, Arusha, Mwanza. The northern safari circuit or home. That being said. Dar has its charm.

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